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Deploy using Remix


A Hello World style starter project. This tutorial aims to instruct how to deploy a smart contract with a message, and render it in the front-end. You can change the message using the interact panel.

This dapp implements a "Hello World" style application that echoes a message passed to the contract to the front end. This tutorial is intended to be followed using the online IDE available at Remix IDE.

What you will learn​

This guide introduces an online IDE for blockchain development called Remix. An easy-to-use platform that does not require any downloads, creating accounts or logins. Here, the Remix team also provides some explanation about a smart contract typical structure, how to compile, deploy and verify a smart contract pushed into Elastos.

What you will do​

  • Create a file on Remix
  • Upload a pre-built smart contract into the IDE
  • Compile the smart contract
  • Connect the application to the Elastos Smart Chain (ESC) testnet via Metamask
  • Deploy the smart contract
  • Verify the smart contract

Getting started with Remix IDE​

Remix is a Ethereum-focused IDE: an online platform to develop smart contracts. To start building a smart contract, click on New File and name it HelloWorld.sol:

The smart contract​

Now copy and paste the Smart contract below into the newly created HelloWorld.sol file.

// Specifies that the source code is for a version
// of Solidity greater than 0.5.10
pragma solidity ^0.5.10;

// A contract is a collection of functions and data (its state)
// that resides at a specific address on the Ethereum blockchain.
contract HelloWorld {

// The keyword "public" makes variables accessible from outside a contract
// and creates a function that other contracts or SDKs can call to access the value
string public message;

// A special function only run during the creation of the contract
constructor(string memory initMessage) public {
// Takes a string value and stores the value in the memory data storage area,
// setting `message` to that value
message = initMessage;

// A publicly accessible function that takes a string as a parameter
// and updates `message`
function update(string memory newMessage) public {
message = newMessage;

The first line pragma solidity ^0.5.10 specifies that the source code is for a Solidity version greater than 0.5.10. Pragmas are common instructions for compilers about how to treat the source code (e.g., pragma once).

A contract in the sense of Solidity is a collection of code (its functions) and data (its state) that resides at a specific address on the Ethereum blockchain. The line string public message declares a public state variable called message of type string. You can think of it as a single slot in a database that you can query and alter by calling functions of the code that manages the database. The keyword public automatically generates a function that allows you to access the current value of the state variable from outside of the contract. Without this keyword, other contracts have no way to access the variable.

The constructor is a special function run during the creation of the contract and cannot be called afterward. In this case, it takes a string value initMessage, stores the value in the memory data storage area, and sets message to that value.

The update function is another public function that is similar to the constructor, taking a string as a parameter, and updating the message variable.

Compile Smart Contract​

  • Go to Solidity Compiler
  • Select Compiler Version to 0.5.10
  • Now, Compile HelloWorld.sol
  • After Successful Compilation, it will show
  • Now, We have to deploy our smart contract on Elastos Network. For that, we have to connect to the web3 world, this can be done by using any of the services like Metamask, Brave, Portis etc. We will be using Metamask. Please follow this tutorial to set up a Metamask Account.
  • Open Metamask and select Custom RPC from the networks dropdown
- Go ahead and click **save** - Copy your address from Metamask
  • Head over to Faucet and request test ether - you will need this pay for gas on ESC.
  • Now, let's Deploy the Smart Contract on the Elasts network
  • Select Injected Provider Metamask in the Environment dropdown and your contract
  • Accept the Connection Request.
  • Once Metamask is connected to Remix, the β€˜Deploy’ transaction would generate another metamask popup that requires transaction confirmation.

Congratulations! You have successfully deployed the HelloWorld Smart Contract. Now you can interact with the Smart Contract. Check the deployment status here.


Verifying your Contracts on Elastos Block Explorer

The first and foremost step is to flatten the solidity contract into a single file.

Flatten your solidity contract​

Install truffle-flattener or sol-merger

Flatten using command

sol-merger \"./contracts/*.sol\" ./build

Verifying on Blockscout​

Navigate to your contract's Blockscout page and then click verify and publish

  • Select Solidity (Single File) in compiler type
  • Select appropriate compiler version
  • Choose the license type of your contract

Onto the next section, paste your flattended contract there.

If you had enabled optimization then adjust the optimization section accordingly.

Constructor arguments should have been filled in automatically, if not, they can be retrieved from the trailing bytes of the deployment transaction, they resemble something like 000000000000000000000000a6fa4fb5f76172d178d61b04b0ecd319c5d1c0aa